Cockroach Fumigation

Cockroach Fumigation: Cockroach Infestations

Cockroaches can be considered as one of the most common pests that people find in their homes and are the stuff in which nightmares are made of, figuratively. Often, people are just bothered and feel disgusted by the sight of a cockroach scampering away underneath the kitchen sink as these primal insects have a way of quickly multiplying underneath their noses until they have already grown to an uncontrollable number, which eventually leads to a major infestation.

Cockroaches survived dinosaurs and nuclear bombs

Cockroaches had been around for as long as the first dinosaurs roamed the earth and have managed to outlive these gigantic reptiles, which just shows how enduring these insects are. Added to this, they can even survive a nuclear explosion at ground zero as shown in detonation testing during the early development of the atom bomb in which included cockroaches as test subjects.

American cockroachesThey can even survive for more than a week with their heads cut off in which the only substantial reason for death would be from thirst since they can no longer drink without their heads. A cockroach’s body is divided into 3 segments, the head, the thorax and the abdomen. Unlike most insects, cockroaches breath through the underside of their thorax. Their exoskeleton, which provides an armor-like protection for their bodies, gives them the tenacity in which they are well known for that a single step on them could not instantly kill them, but would take a substantial effort to do so.
It is so common to see cockroaches running away after being sprayed with insecticide that they do not die all at once and may even take up to a few days before the toxins from the spray finally puts them down permanently.

Combat Source Kill Max R2 Large Roach, 8 Child-Resistant Bait StationsOn the other hand, cockroach eggs are also well protected from insecticides with their hard shell casing that protects the developing larvae well enough through the ordeal. After which the larvae can freely come out and develop into roaches since roach eggs are very well hidden which may well require you to regularly spray insecticides on a regular basis. If you should find that you are infested with cockroaches beyond your capability of efficiently eradicating them yourself, you may want to consider hiring professional help. Most cockroaches tend to nest and lay their eggs in dark and damp places such as cellars, underneath kitchen sinks and connecting sewage system pipes that run underneath your house and onto the streets.

Cockroach insecticide

One preventive measure that can be done by any homeowner is flushing the sewage pipes with cockroach insecticide to repel roaches from entering your home through the sewage system. This can be done by regularly inducing cockroach poison through your kitchen sink and sewage drains. If you should discover that you have a major infestation that goes beyond your capabilities, there are a lot of pest control experts that know how to deal with problems related to roach infestation that can give you a more permanent result of completely killing off all the roaches in your home or apartment. If you happen to live in an apartment, the more imminent the need for you to fumigate your living area since cockroach infestation is more likely in big cities that are densely populated.

cockroach_nymphsCockroach house tenting fumigation

One of the quickest method that can eradicate roaches in mass proportions, including their developing eggs is through the use of “tenting” while undergoing cockroach fumigation. The chemical compounds involved in this process can highly cause nausea and vomiting and should be handled by professionals who have trained in this field of endeavor. Fumigation allows chemical pesticides to reach the most unlikely places that roaches may be hiding including their unseen nesting areas in which they securely hide their eggs. Tenting securely isolates the infested area in which cockroaches are more likely to thrive and traps them well within the perimeter giving them very little chance to escape the poisonous fumes. It also inhibits the chemicals and the roaches themselves from spreading out to the adjacent areas.

Cockroaches on foodPrior to having your home or apartment fumigated, you should make some preparations and move all of your important belongings such as food, clothing and pets away from the area since these chemicals do contribute a health hazard which can cause unwanted chemically induced injuries such as allergies, rashes, blood toxicity and other health issues. After the fumigation is finished, it is better to leave it off for a few more hours before returning to your home to let the chemical residue die down. Cockroach fumigation chemicals linger on for a substantial amount of time before the key active ingredients degrade to safer levels. Considering that the cost to have your home or apartment tented and fumigated can easily reach up to a thousand dollars depending on the size of your home or living space and the severity of the infestation.

cockroaches_02Preventive measurements

Other preventive measures that homeowners can do by themselves is to use cockroach pesticides that they can use occasionally to spray underneath kitchen sinks to flush out cockroaches from their hiding places. The use of traps and baits can also reduce the roach population in your home though it will not kill them off completely since most roaches multiply in great numbers at a short period of time. Most of the time, most people will tend to leave roach bait and traps in clear plain sight, which is not a safe means of exposing harmful chemicals to pets and children.

One simple natural means of slowly killing off roaches is the use of sugar and baking soda mixed into equal parts and left in places where cockroaches are likely to dwell. The use of baking soda is quite safe for both pets and children and is quite effective on certain degrees where you have a lightly cockroach infested home or apartment. The effect of sugar and baking soda works of the principle where the sugar is bait for the cockroach since sugar is a very pleasant food for cockroaches. The baking soda on the other hand gets ingested along with the sugar in which it destroys the cockroach’s digestive system, eventually leading to its death.

Rat Extermination

Rat Extermination: A Deadly Nemesis

Europe’s rat extermination in 14th century

Rats have got to be one of the most destructive types of rodents that are considered as pests that not only can they chew everything up including your personal belongings and the food that you have safely hidden away in your cupboards, but also may very well pose as a health hazard since rats themselves are a direct carrier of other parasites such as fleas and ticks and was subsequently involved in spreading the Bubonic plague which reduced the population of Europe by half. It was during the years between 1346 and 1353 that the Black Death was spreading across the European continent which claimed the lives of almost 200 million people as a result of the Yersinia pestis bacterium, that was spread by black rats and subsequently by the fleas and ticks that were feeding on these rats. Because of this massive pandemic, rats have earned the scourge of human society and have since then been considered as one of the most dreaded creatures that co-existed with human society.

RatsThe massive number of lives that were lost because of this plague and it took well over 150 years for Europe’s population to return to normal and it goes without saying that it did not end there as cases of the plague reoccurred up to the 19th century. Rats were primarily responsible for this as they were able to spread the plague far and wide because of their ability to migrate across the seas by stowing away on seafaring cargo vessels that carried commercial goods all over Europe. It is without a doubt that rats are one of the most deadly carriers of diseases since they themselves are not affected by any such harmful pathogens, which makes them very ideal for effectively spreading it. Added to this, they are also very resilient to almost any harsh condition, which makes them one of the toughest pests to eradicate.

Diseases of rats

Besides the diseases that they carry, rats are also regarded as predatory creatures in their own right as there have been many cases of rats gnawing off the limbs of innocent children while they lay unattended. They can even inflict rabies with their bites similar to bats and are the source of parasitic worms called leptospirosis, which can be found in their urine, which can be contracted by just wadding in dirty water, or sewer pipes. Leptospirosis can easily be contracted by exposure to rat’s urine through contaminated water in which the worm like organisms find their way through the bloodstream which eventually attacks the liver tissues until the organ starts to fail, causing painful and instantaneous death.

rat-diseasesAs being part of the rodent family, rats make their nests by burrowing underneath existing structures or may even relocate to higher lofts such as attics in which they will start to breed their young. Similar to their rabbit cousins, rats can quickly multiply and may soon over run your homes causing more damage to your fixtures or even worse, start spreading diseases within your household. Because of the nature of how they survive, rats rely on the availability of food, water and shelter in order to survive and knowing the source of what they feed on can greatly help you in determining the proper and permanent method of completely removing them from your homes.

House inspection for rats

Most homeowners take for granted in making regular ocular inspections of their homes for any sign of possible infestations, which could lead in letting rats to slowly move into your home. Any sign of burrowing near the foundation of your house or holes in your walls are clear signs that there is a possibility that rats have already gained entrance to your house. You should also listen for small noises in your ceiling, as this will tell you that rats or mice are running about, especially at night since rats are more of a nocturnal mammal. If you should happen to see mice around your house, chances are there are already rats within the premises. Since mice and rats fall as one category, there is no doubt that they already co-exist under one roof…yours. Rats and mice are social rodents and they can exist along with each other as a single colony even sharing their resource with one another.

The more clutter you have in your home, the bigger the chances that rats will start to settle into your home, as nothing attracts vermin like rats more than a house full of needles junk in which rats will start to make their nest with. Leftover food and garbage attracts rats to your home and once one rat finds out that there is an abundant supply of food in your premises, they will go back to their nest and tell other rats that there is food, prompting the whole colony to invade your home. Even left over dog food can attract rats at a regular basis mas well as bird seed that you leave on your bird feeder are all viable food supplies for rats and a reason to come in your home. You can try solving your rat infestation problem moderately by cleaning up your surroundings and keeping all possible food sources safely locked away from rats as much as possible in order to dissuade them from staying in your home. Next thing is to exterminate the rats yourself. Normally it’s not that difficult because you can use special rodent poison baits to kill them. If that doesn’t work than you can get a professional company but that will rise the pest control costs quite a bit.

Treatment against rats

Poison BaitsKeeping a pet cat can be very helpful in deterring mice and rats from your home since cats are the natural enemies of rats and mice and are natural predators that can reduce the rat population in your home. Unless you have some standing health issues with regard to keeping hairy pets around your house, finding other means to exterminate rats from your home may mean seeking out the services of professional rat exterminators. The most common method of flushing out rats from your home is placing poison baits around your home where rats go frequently to feed. Although there are some issues with poison baits since there is a possibility of rats dying in some unreachable area in your house causing a foul decaying odor for some time.

One proven method uses a chemical compound that which is bait-fed to both male and female rats that alter their ability to reproduce, therefore reducing their population until such time that they are completely gone from your house. This method could take some time since rats reproduce very quickly and would take between 3 to 4 months before there is any positive result in the treatment and as of present, this method of rat extermination is the most sought after method among exterminators. It may be a bit expensive, but the results are greatly justified since the rat population is eradicated at its very source.

Termite Fumigation

Termites on wooden beam

Termites on wooden beam

Termite Fumigation: Lethal Extermination

Termite fumigation can be considered as one of the most difficult methods of exterminating pests around your home given the ravaging nature of termites and the way of how they dig down into the ground, which gives exterminators a very hard time of conceiving ways on how to permanently remove them from your home. Among many other species of termites, the subterranean species is among the hardest to detect since they establish their colony deep underneath the ground, securing the most important aspect that keeps their colony alive, their queen. Other species of termites such as the dry wood and wet wood termite are not as difficult to track down as they usually establish their colonies on fallen trees or damp wood and spend most of their time above ground.

Termite colony life cycle

Termite colony life cycle

Termite inspection

Compared to their other relatives, the subterranean termite has a very menacing and destructive disposition that poses as a threat to homeowners with their ability to dwell undetected underneath your homes for many years as such time as they start to manifest their presence by eating off the wood in your homes. This specie of termites have the uncanny ability of eating through the foundations of your homes, leaving the outer surface undamaged until they have completely reduced it to a hollow shell. Unless you happen to see signs of termites crawling literally out from the wood works, the damage incurred may already be in an advanced stage.

This should be the best time to seek out the services of a professional termite exterminator who can determine the whereabouts of the termite colony living on your property. If there are any signs of termites or any other pest, pest control should start immediately. Depending upon the extent of the damages already made, the exterminator will try subtle methods of driving out these pests from your home. Planting termite baits all around your property would be the first probable method that will be implemented and termite baits will determine their colony’s location on your property. Baits are usually wood that are left for termites to feed on, which is then treated with a chemical compound that they digest and bring back to their colony, contaminating every other living termite in the colony until they all eventually die out.

Termite baits usually have a 75% to 85% success rate in which there is a possibility that new colonies might resurface from time to time. In such cases, annual termite treatments may be required to maintain your property’s security against these pests from ever coming back. Termiticides are usually sprayed all over your property by means of digging holes that are strategically located all around your property. These holes are then pumped with chemicals with the hopes of repelling termites within the proximity of your house’s foundation, discouraging these pests from ever crossing within the boundaries of your house. Although this process requires subsequent visitations from the company that will provide this service, it can keep your property termite free for a few years or so.

Termite floor damage

Termite floor damage

Best termite treatment

Homeowners have to understand that termites are there because of one reason and that is the presence of a food source, which is wood, and to some unfortunate reason, is what your house is made of. For as long as there is an abundance of food source for termites, they will come into your home and slowly take your hose apart underneath its foundation, especially is there are a lot of wood used. There is however, a method that will discourage termites from taking a bite out of your home and is considered as the most extreme means of removing them completely from your premises. Termite fumigation works with the same principle as that of spraying the ground with tremiticides, except in this case, it is your entire house that will be undergoing the spraying process.

The process is called “tenting” and it involves literally covering up your entire house with a very large plastic cover, which depending on how big your home is, may take a while to cover it up entirely. So there is some preparation to be done before the tenting can start. It may be a tedious process, but it is a process, which is very important to ensure that no part of the house remains untreated. Also, the chemicals that will be used in this process is highly poisonous that keeping it well contained within its confinement allows the active compounds to seep into every nook and cranny inside of your home, including the wood surface itself. This method requires the homeowner to remove as much as possible, everything inside the house to a safer location to avoid contaminating anything that they use. There were cases that some homeowners returned to their newly fumigated home prematurely, exposing them to the residual remnants of the chemicals used, causing them to experience nausea, vomiting, skin irritations and respiratory problems.

Having your home undergo termite fumigation is like moving to a new house since you have to literally pack up all your things and move away until the chemicals used in the process wear off. In the United State, it has become a standard procedure since 1961 that home fumigation requires the company that will undertake the process of termite fumigation to put on record the date and type of chemicals used in the process and stick it on the attic or in the basement to let people know that the property has undergone treatment and would become the basis for any future evaluation should the need for re-application of fumigation arises.

tent fumigation house

tent fumigation house

Tent fumigation cost

A tented fumigation process can take anywhere from a few hours to as long as a week, depending on the size and design of your home’s structure along with the degree of severity that the termites have already made. The fumigation chemicals used in this process are usually odorless, which makes them very dangerous for people that could accidentally walk in unknowingly. Because of this possibility, fumigators use chloropicrin (tear gas) to repel anyone who might accidentally walk into the treatment area. The fumigation requires spraying chemicals all over you home from top to bottom, giving emphasis of areas with any wooden structure. The chemicals used are so potent that it gets absorbed into the wood, which discourages termites from chewing out of them.

The chemical themselves penetrates the soft bodies of the termites, making them avoid any areas in which the chemicals are sprayed. Termite fumigation not only eradicates termites from your home, but also any other form of wood boring insects such as beetles and bed bugs as well which pretty much discourages most household pests from invading your homes, including cockroaches, mice and rats as well. The chemicals used in this process is very lethal that only the fumigators can give the adequate evaluation if the property is safe for the occupants to come back which can be from a few days to a few weeks. The process of termite fumigation is a very tedious process that requires a whole lot of preparation on the part of the homeowner which also costs a lot that opting for termite fumigation is considered as a last resort in removing these pests from your home.

Typically, termite fumigation costs can range anywhere from $450 to as much as $4,000 and considering the effort that you have to put into which requires you move your belongings to and from your house. This does not even include the cost for relocating your things to a safer location, which means renting a storage facility to put your things while your house undergoes termite fumigation. Although it may be an expensive process, you can be rest assured that the result is something that you can be thankful for as you get to keep your home in good condition with regard to its structural integrity for many years to come.

Just make sure you don’t try it at home. There is a high risk if you try to use the chemicals yourself! Contact a professional company which is experienced in termite fumigation and can help to sort out your termite problems! They can also give you more advice how to reduce your home’s risk of infestation.

Flea Fumigation: Flea Infestation Problems

Flea Fumigation

Flea Fumigation

Flea Fumigation: Flea Infestation Problems

Fleas have got to be one of the most annoying parasites that ever existed on this Earth and to say that they were a few million years ahead before humans came maybe one reason for their resiliency, which makes them so hard to rid. Fleas had been around since the first warm-blooded mammals started roaming the plains as they evolved to adapt to the continuing changes in the environment during the Earth’s early development. Originally related to plant mites and aphids, fleas began to develop their parasitic qualities during a time when the world was going through the “Ice Age” as all specie of living organisms, particularly mammals sought out warmer regions in order to escape the frigid regions to ensure their survival.

As a means of ensuring their own survival as well, fleas began to develop the need to seek out other means of sustaining their dietary needs and began feeding on warm blood, which was easily provided by their new host. The changing climate, which was beginning to kill the plant life, made it necessary for these parasites to hitch a ride on their host since it was mandatory for mammals to migrate to warmer regions. After millions of years of evolution, fleas soon began to develop power hind legs that enabled them to jump more that 130 times their own height, making it easy for them virtually leap from one host to another.

Flea bites at arm

Flea bites

Today, fleas are considered as one of the most difficult parasites to irradiate in which they have also found us human beings as a source of their dietary sustenance. Parasitic fleas on humans causes extreme itchiness along with skin irritation caused by flea bites which in some cases may also be caused by fleas laying their eggs into the skin epidermis. Worst cases of flea infestation may even induce allergic reaction caused by a chemical compound produced from the flea’s saliva, which they use to extract nutrients from human skin. Flea bite symptoms may appear somewhat that similar of acne marks on the skin which is accompanied by inflamed pustules which causes extreme itchiness which is further aggravated by scratching it, which eventually causes bruising. A generous application of anti-histamines or Calamine solution often relieves the symptoms of itchiness.

Flea fumigation

There are a lot of methods of removing fleas in your home and since the earliest signs of infestation can be manifested on domestic pets such as cats and dogs. Domestic pets are always the first reason why fleas gain access into your homes, since the are always going in and out of your homes and can easily pick up parasites in your backyard or even just by taking them for a walk in the park since fleas just hang around in shrubs, bushes and just about any kind of plant. Giving your pets and pet beds regular baths with special dog shampoo reduces the chances of fleas to become a regular guest into your homes.

The costs of flea fumigation grows as bigger problems such as a full blown flea infestation within your entire household may require you to fumigate your entire home completely to ensure that fleas will not be able to propagate in it. Preparation for flea fumigation usually requires you to take your entire family and pets out from your home since the method will need to ensure that not a single corner of your home is left untouched by the chemical pesticides that will kill off the fleas. Fleas usually find carpets, sofas, curtains, furniture, baseboards and just about every nook and cranny inside your house as an ideal place in which they can stand their ground while waiting for the proper time to attach themselves to their hosts. Carpets and fabrics in particular are the ideal places in which they lay their eggs until such time as their larvae become fully developed and attach themselves to their victims.

Fumigation sprays that are used to kill these fleas are very potent that it does not only kill adult fleas, but it also includes the larvae and eggs as well, which just shows how strong these chemicals are that you really have to temporarily vacate your premises for the entire duration of the treatment. Also, it is strongly advised to put your personal belongings such as clothing, toothbrushes, eating utensils and food, all tucked away in a sealed container or better yet move them out somewhere safe to avoid contamination. Flea fumigation will require you to have your entire home sealed off from the outside, as it is a preventive measure that would keep the chemicals inside your home without seeping out to ensure the potency and the efficacy of the compounds that are used. Hermetically sealing off your home also ensures that your neighbors won’t have to deal with the nauseating smell caused by the chemicals.

After fumigation is completed, it is best to open up all available ventilations to let the air inside your home as to clear out any remaining residual chemicals. Letting your house “breathe” for about 3 hours would be sufficient enough to rid the remaining smell and residue inside your home after which you can proceed to do a follow up with vacuuming your carpets and sofa to ensure that there will be no remaining remnants of larvae and eggs on fabrics which fleas usually lay their eggs and propagate. There are a lot of products out there that allow people to perform their own fumigation methods with the use of flea sprays that can be bought just about everywhere. Considering if it is only an infestation with very low severity, using flea spray can reduce the presence of fleas inside your home.

Flea on fingertip

Preventing flea infestation

As a preventive measure, domestic pets should be given regular baths and treated with flea killing soap or powder since domestic pets are the very first cause of infestation. Pet related flea products often use formulations that can effectively keep your pets virtually free from fleas to as much as 30 days, though given the nature of your pet’s daily activity, you may have to regularly apply other flea repelling products to ensure that your pet won’t be able to transport fleas into your home after you have given them their walk in the park or even around your yard. Other preventive measures also include regularly sprinkling flea powder on your carpets and a bit on your sofas so that fleas won’t be able to lay their eggs on them, thus not being able to propagate on these surfaces.

Fumigation Cost

The need for fumigation can arise at any point in time, sometimes as the final option for exterminating pests after all else has failed. The cost, however, is what keeps some homeowners from going through with it.

There are several factors that affect the cost of fumigation. Each of them will be explained below, along with the typical costs, the method for calculating the potential cost, and the cost of carrying out fumigation yourself.

Cost Influencers

The first and most popular influence on the cost of fumigation is the size of the property to be fumigated. It is only logical to think that the bigger the area, the more gas will be needed for complete extermination. The second influencer is the company or professional hired and their fumigation process.

This second influencer encompasses other factors such as size of the sprayer, type of gas, degree of protection attainable, and so on. The third influencer is the type of pest you want to get rid of. For instance, you may receive different quotes for termite, rats, cockroaches and bedbug extermination.

Typical Costs

Generally, your home will need to be inspected prior to the treatment. Depending on the company, the inspection may be carried out free of charge. If not, you can expect it to cost between $100 – $200.

The actual fumigation can be as inexpensive as $1,000, and as costly as $4,000 or more. If the size of the target area is estimated at 1,200 sq ft, the price should be within the $1,200 to $2,500 range, and $2,500 to $3,800 range for 2,500 sq ft. It is imperative to note that attachments (i.e. garages, decks, basements, etc.) in the building are not negligible and will be taken into consideration by any exterminator while ascertaining the cost of his service.

Calculating The Probable Cost

Fumigation CostAny quote your receive should ideally be in the following style:

$XX.XX for every 1,000 cubic feet

Once you’ve got a quote, all that’s left is the measurement of the size of your home, and the eventual calculation of the potential cost according to the quote and size of your home. Measuring the size of the infested area is arguably uncomplicated and the only tools needed are a calculator and a tape measure.

Cost of Solitary Fumigation

Most people undertake solitary fumigation as a cheaper option, but it may be unwise and may warrant the expending of a higher sum of money in the future. If it’s only a small area, you can purchase foggers designed for indoor use, bags for garbage, and airtight plastic bags. Find out how much these cost and then add the sum together to determine how much you’ll need to spend. You can then follow a simple procedure (as can be found in books and on the Internet) to fumigate your home.

However, if the area is quite large, it’s more sensible to hire a professional – especially if tenting is necessary. Exercise extreme caution and follow a reputable fumigation guide if you are performing this yourself.

What Next?

It should now be easy to ascertain the cost of fumigation for your home or business. Try to compare quotes from different companies/fumigators and look for professionalism too, because cheap services can come back to bite you.