Bed Bug Treatments

Bed Bug Treatments: Small and Terrible Pests

Waking up in the morning after a good nights sleep with itchy welts all over your body is really not the ideal way to start up your day which will make you wonder how you got those itchy red spots in the first place. Chances are, you may have just been a victim of bed bugs or bed mites, those small insects that are related to the flea, which also feed on the warm blood of their host. Scientifically called Cimex Lectularius, bed bugs belong to the genus Cimicidae, which also includes ticks, fleas and head lice, which are all generally parasitic insects that survive on a rich diet of blood from their mammal host. Bed bugs and ticks are the most closely related in physiology and similar to the way they prey upon their victims.

How they find you

Carbon dioxide along with the heat that our bodies emit during the early hours of the morning is all that a bed bug would need to track their meal down. Interestingly though, unlike their relative the flea or tick that directly approaches their host, bed bugs have this uncanny method of climbing on the walls and hanging over the ceiling until they detect a substantial amount of carbon dioxide emission underneath them. As soon as they have determined the location of their victim, they will detach themselves from the ceiling to land on their host in which they could start feeding on their blood. Compared to their other relatives, bed bugs are more sensitive to heat and light that they spend most of the day hiding underneath your beds, thus their name “bed bugs”.

Bed bugs

Lots of red spots from bed bugsThe reason why bed bugs prefer to stay underneath your bed is because of the scent that people leave on their beds, which is the accumulation of bodily excretions such as sweat, which entices them. Along with the fact that they are in close proximity to their host as feeding on them will never be much of a problem. Bed bugs prefer to feed during the early hours of the morning, just as before the sun rises because of the right temperature setting that lets the human body radiate more than enough carbon dioxide and body heat for the bed bugs to detect. Unlike their other relatives, bed bugs do not have mandibles that bite into human skin; instead they have 2 sets of tubes that inject an anesthetic to the skin while the other draws out the blood from its host.

What causes the reddish welts on the skin is not a result of the bed bug drawing blood from its host but rather that of the anesthetic compound that it has injected to the skin to render the initial bites undetectable by its host. The prolonged exposure to this anesthetic compound is what causes the itchiness that is later manifested on its victim’s epidermis, which further aggravated by scratching it due to the ensuing itchiness that soon follows. There have been no direct medical evaluation that bed bugs can be a potential carrier of infectious diseases other than the annoying itchiness that it causes on its victims skin which can be relieved by using topical anti-histamine creams.

Spreading virus or bacteria

Bed bugs on skinUnlike its more menacing relative the flea and the tick which was partially responsible for the spreading of the Bubonic Plague during the time that the “Black Death” wiped out almost half of the population in Europe due to the infected carcasses of rats and people that were infected with the disease. There were no reported cases of bed bugs which had the possibility of being able to carry any form of contagious virus or bacteria that may cause a pandemic but they do pose a health threat to small children and infants depending on the severity of the bites inflicted on their hosts which can cause severe skin inflammation, particularly on small children with under developed immune systems.

Just like any other household pest and parasites, bed bugs are very annoying and should be taken care of immediately on the first possible signs of an infestation. A single female bed bug can lay an average of 5 eggs a day, which may well turn out to about 500 eggs in its entire lifetime. Once this is not taken care of in the soonest possible time, you will soon expect a major infestation that could lead you and your family scratching the whole day through. Unlike fleas that have a particular area where they spend most of their time such as carpets, sofas and beds, bed bugs can be found almost anywhere around your house and find their way inside your homes by every imaginable means since they are the type of parasites that can gain access into your homes through furniture, books, luggage and clothing.

Bed bug treatments

The first method of bed bug treatment is to rid these pests from your homes completely and since this is easier said than done, this would require you to literally leave no stone unturned to ensure that there will be no surviving remnants that would have the possibility to re-colonize inside your home. The first thing that you should do is to start where the cause of the infestation is coming from, your bed. Cleaning your bed seems to be the first rational means of eliminating bed bugs but a more effective way will require you to isolate your entire bed mattress with a specially made fabric, which is treated with a compound that kills bed bugs. The compound is encased within the fabric, which entraps and kills off any bed bugs that re inside your mattress.

Dry cleaning your clothes and other fabric related items inside your house at 160 Fahrenheit can kill bed bugs and their eggs and judging by the amount of fabrics inside a single house hold, this could be one of the most tedious aspects in completely eradicating these bed bugs once and far all. Unfortunately, not everything can be submitted to this process, especially fixtures such as tables and chairs, but there is one alternative by which you can wrap them in plastic and place a heater which is set to about 120 degrees Fahrenheit which will dehydrate bed bugs and prematurely rupture any eggs that are laid. Thorough vacuuming can also greatly reduce the bed bug population in your house, as you need to give more attention to your beddings and other fabrics around your home. If everything else fails to resolve your situation, you may want to start considering in seeking out professional help from pest exterminators.

Termite Treatment

Termite Treatment: Conquering a Colony

Your home can be considered as one of your most expensive investments and along with this, is also one of the most important assets that you have to offer your family with regard to giving them the comfort and well being that they deserve. It would rather be a bit disheartening to find out that the security and integrity of your home could be under threat and compromised by unwanted guests that could literally take over your home right under your feet. Termites are considered as one of the most destructive form of subterranean insects that could literally eat you out of house and home. Regardless of how expensive and beautiful your home may be, termites can be very overwhelming with regard to the destruction that they bring which has cost homeowners around the world billions of dollars worth of damages.

Termites inspection

Since termites are migratory by nature and start out with a pair of freshly spawned winged insects that pair up and start a colony of their own, a new colony could easily be starting out undetected right under your very noses within your property itself without you knowing about it. Common signs are the usual mounds that are visibly distinguishable near your home. These are clear signs that a colony has already been established and it could sometimes take a substantial amount of time before they find their way into your home and start gnawing off your walls and fixtures. Destroying a termite colony is no easy task and riding them is not a simple matter of digging out their colony since they go way below the ground, which can be a futile endeavor on your part.

It is best to seek out the services of professionals that know how to approach the problem related with termite infestation. Termite specialists are different from your regular pest control services since termites require a more thorough approach compared to cockroaches, rats and ants and are more difficult to eradicate which may require regular visitations to fully remove them from your premises. Termite treatment varies from home to home and the way every other house is designed and built has a lot to do on how the treatment would be undertaken. Added to this, the severity of the problem can also be a basis on how much it would cost you to fully rid yourself of your unwanted visitors.

Termite fumigation professionals

termites_undergroundIf you think your home is infested with these insects, you should immediately seek out professionals who can help you out at the earliest possible time to reduce the damage that termites have already caused. Termite inspection reports that are made by experts have a great weight against the value of your property and for whatever reason that you may need to use your property for a mortgage or loan; the value of your property will be based upon this report. Besides the natural damage caused by the passing of time against your property, damages caused by termites can easily reduce the resale value of your home to a disappointing devalued market price.

Termite treatments

Professional termite exterminators use two kinds of pest control agents with regard to termites. Since termites are subterranean insects that hardly show themselves until the very last moment that they have eaten through your walls and floorboards, the use of liquid termiticides is the most common approach that is still being used today as it always has been for the last 50 years. Termiticides are based under older termite repelling formulations that prevent termites from crossing underneath your house through the ground by deeply injecting these chemical repellants as deeply and as far wide around the perimeter of your house’s foundation. Digging perimeter holes that are deep as 10 feet around your home and injecting chemical repellants into these holes and into the soil itself can prevent termites from crossing over into your house’s foundation.

TermidorThis process is repeatedly done all around you premises and the only thing that it will do is hopefully repel the termites from your home, but will not totally eradicate their colony and may only result in making them find other sources of wood to feed themselves like your next-door neighbor perhaps. Unless your neighbor has already treated his home, termites will eventually find other sources of food that they can get their nourishment. Repellants do require more than 2 or 3 treatments before you can be sure that your grounds are termite free but that does not completely give you the assurance that the termites won’t be coming back.

A newer method of termite treatment uses a new chemical compound called Termidor which is not like any repellant but a chemical that reduces the ability of male termites to reproduce, therefor steadily decreasing the colony’s population until it ceases and eventually dies out. The method of application of Termidor is the same with all other termiticides and works through passing on the chemical compound from termite to termite. The chemical is very potent and termites are hardly aware that they have come in contact with it. Although it takes a substantial amount of time before positive results are clearly seen, the effect on the soil that Termidor has been applied to has a lingering effect that can last for years which can keep your property termite free for many years to come.

Fumigate House

Fumigate House: All in One Pest Control

People who live in houses, apartments or other dwellings might stumble upon seeing pests such as cockroaches, termites, mice, rats and even fleas or even all of these at the same time, which could be a bit of a problem, if not a sign of major pest infestation. The trouble with house hold pests is that they seem to find ways of infiltrating homes without people knowing it and until that there are clear signs of their existence, is the only time that people soon realize that they need to do something about it. Regardless of what kind of infestation you have going on inside your dwelling; you should find means of thwarting the situation as early as possible before it causes some major problems for you, your family and most especially your home.

Pest Exterminators

Most of the time people would seek out pest exterminator services that will target a specific type of pest that could be found within your home, and it would cost a substantial amount of money for that specific pest control services alone. If a preliminary evaluation of finding out what sort of pest or pests might be presently residing in your home, an exterminator would strongly recommend to fumigate house, which means an overall pest control procedure that will eradicate most pests presently living in your home. Though it will do cost you quite a bit, you can be certain that it will rid most of the pests that you see within your home and the cost may be reasonable in the long run compared to individual pest control services that target a specific problem.


tent-fumigation2A specific method to fumigate house would mean placing a huge tent over your complete house and require pesticides or a combination of very lethal chemicals that will be applied inside your house from top to bottom and in just about every nook and cranny that a pest exterminator can reach. The house-tent will make sure that all the chemicals will stay controlled inside the tent and will be used completely to fumigate all the pests. It could also be a combination of active compounds that will react with each other to further activate the potent ingredients that will kill off every living pest inside your dwelling. A good method will mean that the pest exterminator will first spray a lethal dose of chemicals within the wooden structure of your home, which is meant for termites and other wood-eating insects that could possibly be living within the structure. After this is completely done, the exterminator will then fumigate the entire area with another set of pesticides in aerosol form, which will kill other pests such as cockroaches, fleas, bed bugsmice and rats.

The chemicals that were used will then react with each other, causing a very lethal atmosphere that will engulf your entire home that will flush out any remaining pests that may have managed to survive. As all this is going on, methods to fumigate house puts emphasis on isolating the entire area, which in the case of an entire house, would mean covering the entire structure with a heavy duty tent that will keep the poisonous chemicals from seeping out to the surroundings. Since some of the chemicals used in this method of pest extermination are sometimes odorless, most exterminators would often cordon off the entire area and release teargas inside the house to inhibit anyone from entering it while the process is being undertaken since the chemicals used in fumigate house methods are very poisonous.

Fumigation Preparations

Prior preparations for this method means moving all of your things out from your house as if you are moving away all the food and all your important personal belongings to a safer storage area while the process is being undertaken. The chemicals used for this procedure can easily be absorbed through clothing, kitchen implements and furniture and can cause some adverse health issues such as nausea, vomiting and unconsciousness. Rashes and skin irritations could also be experienced since the chemicals used in this process was formulated to penetrate wooden structures and can cause chemical burns to a certain degree of excessive exposure to it. Basically, fumigate house methods would mean that you will have to leave you home for a few days to even a week before the chemicals wear out to make sure that it is safe to go back inside your home without having to worry about any side effects from the fumigation.

Fumigation Costs

tent_churchIn the long run, the fumigation costs may range depending on the size of your property, and the cost of moving your personal belongings to and from your home. Also, you will also consider the cost of temporary storing your personal belongings in a public storage facility for the time being. Of course you have to consider living out from your home for the time being since you do not expect the effects of the chemical applied inside your home to just instantly be neutralized within a few days since you and your family’s safety is the utmost importance. Fumigation cost may be a bit expensive since an average service such as this may cost anywhere between $2,000 to $4,000 not including your personal needs of relocation and storage of your personal belongings that could amount up to $2,000 for a one week duration or even more.

Of course, the exterminators can fumigate only one pests at a time (pests such as cockroachestermitesmicerats and fleas) but the advantage of combining the fumigation of all pests is quite obvious. Compared to other methods of pest control which target a specific type of pest, this tenting method is one of the most extensive form of pest control that has a wide spectrum of efficiency with regard to killing off a variety of pests inside your home with just one single application. It is also one of the most long lasting methods that you can benefit from as you will only need to maintain a regular check up of your property from pests from ever coming back to invade your home. This can be done on a quarterly or even on an annual basis since most of the wooden portions of your home would have absorbed the chemicals on a permanent basis that wood boring insects such as termites will not be able to chew on the wood of your home. But in the case of termites, fumigate house methods should be the last method that should be done since the wood in your home is their source of food. Prior to subjecting your home to a full pest control treatment, you should first consider render termite treatment on your property’s surroundings since termites mainly dwell underground.

Termite Inspection

Termite Inspection: Termite Treatment Certification

Realtors, property buyers and sellers need to know a few important things when inspecting a house or property that they are planning to purchase with regard to the integrity of the structure along with its existing damages. Damages caused by natural forces such as earthquakes and water damages are but a few things that people ought to look out for when looking for a property, but the most important thing that they would really have to keep an eye out are damages inflicted by termites and other wood boring insects. Termite damage can greatly depreciate a property’s market value, whether you are selling it or subjecting it for a loan, which any financial institution or lending company will make an ocular inspection of your property prior to approving it. Your chances of getting approved can be pretty slim since most companies prefer properties that are in good condition and evident signs of termite damage could lower your indicative loan application or even get disapproved eventually.

WDPO termite inspection report

termite_inspectionTermite inspection is also termed as Wood Destroying Pest and Organism (WDPO) inspection report and subjects the entire aforementioned property to undergo a thorough inspection inside and outside of the structure for any signs of wood destroying pests and other similar wood boring organisms. An inspection team will be doing a thorough sweep of the entire property to make sure that they find any traces of damage, which should clearly indicate the presence of wood eating pests. Inspection begins on the property grounds itself, in which they will make a detail sweep of the entire are for signs of termite mounds and other subterranean passages that is an indication of their presence.

What do they inspect?

The inspection will also be done on the rafters of the roof structure and everywhere that there is a wooden beam that can be found around your house. Although termite inspection may establish the water integrity of a structure’s roofing system, this is a separate report that should be filled by a licensed roofing contractor. Termite inspection will go through every room inside your home, giving more emphasis on the cellar and the attic if you have any. The inspection will not only establish the existence of any wood boring organism but can also determine the moisture retention of the wooden structures which may be caused by leaks in your plumbing system and any damage caused by other reasons.

After termite inspection is completed, all of the findings will be filled accordingly and the inspector will recommend the appropriate actions that should be taken if there would be any findings of any wood boring organisms within your property. If there should be some signs that termites have indeed managed to incur damages to your property’s structure, it would be best to seek the services of an expert termite fumigation company to alleviate your termite problem. A termite inspection report is usually done after 2 to 3 working days and a certification with regard to your home’s standings will be made to facilitate any purpose that you will need for that particular inspection report.

You need a termite inspection report

termit-inspection-mapIn the case of loans and mortgages, the financial company usually does a termite inspection after they pre-approve your application. Since it is a matter of determining the true market value of your property, financial companies usually have their own department that handles such inspections or will contract a state certified termite inspection company to make adequate reports on your property’s standing. In other cases you can seek out your own inspection certification in accordance to state and financial regulations imposed by banks and loan companies provided that the termite inspection is undertaken by a certified individual or company that registered to undertake the endeavor of fully filling a complete report which should be reported directly to the company itself.

Which termite inspection report?

There are usually 4 different termite inspection reports made to which is applicable on certain degrees of limitations and the nature of what purpose the report is made for. Some may be mandatory reports that are to be made on a regular annual basis, which is commonly made for detached homes.

Original inspection report

Original reports, this type of termite inspection is done on a yearly basis after having undergone a recent termite treatment of the entire property. Reports are given to homes like this are made through the efforts of the owners themselves and are given a certification to see if their property remains termite free with conjunction to the pest control company that has previously treated the property.

Limited inspection report

A limited report is done only on a specific part of the property, which was previously been affected by termite infestation. This sort of report is done on properties such as townhouses and condominiums, which are generally made mostly from concrete, and have fewer structures made from wooden materials. Such portions of the property made from wood such as the patio or a wooden deck are such portions that these reports center on and is requested by the owner of the property or in the case of a rented unit, by the request of the tenant as an obligation of the landlord.

Supplemental inspection report

termite damageA supplemental report is done when during the process of repairs or renovations that there are damages that are to be discovered that were caused by termites. The repairs and construction will be halted until a proper report is made to figure out the extent of the damage the termites have caused. Supplemental reports are usually an extended form of report made from any previous termite inspection report that has been done under any real estate contract. This could even mean an extensive inspection on the affected area, which can prolong the renovation, or construction of a structure from being finished until such time that a supplemental report is made that clears the area of any termite infestation.

Preliminary inspection report

After a preliminary inspection gives a property a complete report on the state of its integrity and clears it of any termite infestations, a re-inspection is undertaken, which could be a few months after any preliminary report was filed based on the original termite inspection report. It is a state-to-state policy and may differ in procedure with regard to the time involved in making the reports.

Re-inspection for termites after termite treatment

This type of termite inspection is may be undertaken by the same individual or company that has made the first inspection or may be done by a third party that was not previously involved in the original inspection. Re-inspection is usually a free of charge service rendered by the same individual or company that has made the initial termite treatment and report and is usually included in the termite extermination services that a customer has paid for. In some cases, undergoing re-inspection by another individual or company based on the original report may cost an property owner an additional charge, especially when the treatment warranty lapses.

Mice Extermination

Mice Extermination: Of Mice and Man

People are usually very smart and they often find solutions to most problems that they encounter around the house on a daily basis. But sometimes, whether they like it or not trouble finds its way without you knowing it and it may already be inside your home for all you know. Despite all efforts of trying to keep a clean and well-organized household, there are some things that you do not have control over, especially if nature has something to do with it. Mice may look innocently cute, but they can be quite a lot to handle when they start to nibble on your personal belongings like clothes, food or even much worse, electrical wirings. The most common species of mice are the house mice (Mus musculus) which comes from the rodent family which can be found almost everywhere in the world.

Compared to its rat cousins (Rattus norvegicus), mice are more docile compared to the later. It is quite surprising to know that despite the fact that rats and mice co-exist within a general area, mice are scared of their bigger cousins as the (mice) sometimes fall prey to the rat’s voracious appetite. Another alarming fact is that mice also have a tendency to eat their own excrement in times of not being able to find food. Mice generally build their nest almost anywhere that is not moist or damp and they use materials that they find inside your house such as clothing, paper and just about any material they can gnaw and use it to build their nest.

Mice-infestationMale mice are usually territorial creatures that live with a number of females and keep guard of their territory and fend off other male mice that would wander into their abode. Mice often excrete urine along the boundaries of their territory as a warning to other unwanted trespassers. Mice are nocturnal creatures that spend almost half of the day sleeping and venturing out as soon as darkness falls, as they forage for food. Since it is their nature to survive using what they find around their surroundings, it is only natural for them to be able to smell the food that you are keeping in your cupboards. No matter how you hide your food, mice will find a way to get to it and claim it for themselves, unless of course if you should decide to keep all of your food inside the refrigerator, which certainly not accommodate it all.

If things start to get out of hand with regard to rodent infestations such as mice and rats, you may want to start to consider in getting rid of them before they finish off your food and personal belongings as well. It is better to start as early as possible while the mice population inside your house is still manageable as you can undertake the task of removing these vermin from your home using conventional means that can save you time, effort and cost from hiring an exterminator to do the job for you. For as long as you think that your problem with mice are still not that alarming, you may want to take it up yourself to begin the task of eradicating these pests from from your premises since they multiply fast and may soon find your self with in a grave situation. The mice extermination costs can be quite high depending on the size of the problem. Some common methods can be very helpful to reduce the mice population in your home, which is the first step in totally eradicating them.

Victor Tri-Kill Mouse TrapTraditional Mouse Traps:

This method has been used since the time man has realized that mice are pests and that catching them directly is a very futile endeavor that it has led them to make mousetraps. Common mouse traps were designed to catch mice by the use of a spring loaded steel bar which is sometimes equipped with razor sharp teethes that can instantly kill a mouse once it triggers a lever in which bait is placed, such as food. Unfortunately, mice are more cunning than they seem as most of them develop a keen sense of discernment when it comes to traps that are set for them. It does catch a mouse every once in a while; nevertheless it is still not that effective in completely removing them from your home.

Catchmaster 48WRG Cold Temperature Glue BoardsGlue Traps:

Glue traps are very effective in catching mice, as their chances of escaping are very slim to non. The chemical substance used to make the adhesive on this strip of cardboard is so viscous that the mice die of starvation and thirst. Glue traps are also considered the least humane method of mice entrapment since some ice are still alive by the time that you check out the traps that you have set up all over your house and it is left on your hands to end their suffering before you dispose of them. The adhesives used on these traps are safe for children and pets as they are no0t made from any toxic ingredients, although they can be a bit difficult to handle if you happen to accidentally get your self-glued on to one of these traps which can be a bit of a sticky situation.

Raticator Plus-Rodent Zapper That Humanely Exterminates Mice and Rats - Made in the USALive Traps:

Live traps are one of the most humane methods of trapping mice which gives them a chance to live out their live far away from your home as much as possible if you will release them into the wild. These traps can be set up anywhere around your home where you might think that mice may be regularly hunting and foraging for their food.

Rat XRodenticide:

Rodent poison can be a bit hard to use since there is a big risk of mice dying within the structure of your home, particularly in between your walls and elsewhere that maybe a bit difficult to reach. This can eventually result in dead mice carcasses that can cause unwanted odors in your home and the toxicity of the chemical compounds use can be harmful to your family and pets as well. Be very careful when using poisoned bait inside your home and try to avoid it as much as possible if you have other better options before resorting in using rodent poison.

Electronic Mouse Traps:

This device can be operated on regular electrical power outlets or by the use of batteries. They are a bit expensive since they can be a convenient way to instantly kill mice as they enter the trap. Electronic mouse traps work on the principle of delivering a high voltage shock to the mouse once it enters the trap. The dead rodents can then be disposed of in the most hygienic method of either burying them oin your back yard or simply throwing them into the trash.

Lentek Pest ConroIIHigh Frequency Mice Repellent:

Although it has a big success rate in inhibiting mice to stay inside your home, it can also have a bad effect on your pets as this device uses high frequency sound to irritate mice from their hiding place. High frequency sound can also have indirect effects to children that have a history of seizures from the sound that it produces, though hardly audible to the human ear, its high frequency oscillation can affect other electronic items in your home. It may temporarily disperse mice for a while but it will not guarantee that they will not return to your home.